Informal Ethnic Entrepreneurship



Veland Ramadani, South-East European University, Macedonia

Léo-Paul Dana, Montpellier Business School, France

Vanessa Ratten, La Trobe University, Australia

Abdylmenaf Bexheti, South-East European University, Macedonia

Publisher: SPRINGER

Aims and scope:

Most of the existing entrepreneurship literature focuses on formal enterprise but more recently more attention has been placed on informal entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship usually implies law abiding activity but informal entrepreneurship can involve unauthorized or illegal entrepreneurial activity that can include tax evasion and self-employment (Ratten, 2014; Rezaei, Gail and Dana, 2013). The informal economy provides individuals with business opportunities regardless of immigration status or educational qualifications and this is especially important to entrepreneurs (Ramadani, Hisrich and Gerguri-Rashiti, 2015).

In recent decades, in many cities in the industrialised world, especially in metropolitan areas, there was a large influx of people from different socio-cultural or ethnic origins (Dana, 2007; Dana and Morris, 2011; DeHart, 2010;Levent et al., 2003; Light and Johnston, 2009; Ramadani et al. 2014; Waldinger et al., 2006). With the growth and positioning of these ethnic groups in western societies, ethnic entrepreneurship is increasingly arousing interest for socio-economic studies. Ethnic group represents a segment of society whose members are thought to have common origin and culture and take part in joint activities in which the origins and culture are an important part of them (Yinger, 1985). Recent years there has been a great orientation of ethnic groups in self-employment. These movements recognised by many authors as ethnic entrepreneurship. Ethnic entrepreneurship is a process of identifying opportunities in the market, undertaking innovative, unsafe and dangerous activities by individuals who are not members of the majority population in a given country, to ensure prosperity for themselves, family and whole society.

Informal entrepreneurship for ethnic groups can have a positive impact on society but is impacted by political conditions, managerial skills and financing problems (Dana, 1999). In addition, ethnic entrepreneurs in the informal sector often rely on cash-based transactions that are not taxed or subject to government regulation that take place in perspective economies. Given the importance of informal entrepreneurship in society, it is important to understand the motivations for ethnic entrepreneurs starting these business ventures. An understanding of how and why these business ventures are started by entrepreneurs and the role of ethnicity in the start-up phase is helpful in supporting more individuals to be entrepreneurs in all countries. An entrepreneurial motivator for both genders is the lack of corporate opportunities but this may be more prevalent in the female ONE. Given the lack of work opportunities for minorities, this book stresses that the entrepreneurial motivation to start informal businesses will be more important to ethnic groups than domestic population. Due to the increased attention placed on ethnic entrepreneurship and informal entrepreneurship, this book will be focused focuses on the following research question: “What are the factors influencing ethnic groups to start an informal business and how does this link to the creation of innovative business activity?”

Therefore, this book welcomes all the chapters that aim at either testing the relevance of the concept of ethnic entrepreneurship and informal economy.

More specifically, the book will focus on research dealing with the following issues:

• Evolution of ethnic entrepreneurship and informal business in the world;

• Ethnic entrepreneurship and informal business activity in developed and emerging economies;

• Innovation, creativity and ethnic entrepreneurship from an informal business practices;

• Understanding the diversity of ethnic entrepreneurial strategies;

• The economics of co-ethnic employment: incentives, welfare effects and policy options

• Ethnic minority business and the employment of illegal immigrants.

The editors intend to bring with this book a significant value to ethnic informal entrepreneurship researchers, policy-makers and entrepreneurs. All chapters suitable for publication in this book will be double-blind reviewed, following the publisher’s review process guidelines.

Chapters details:

· Up to 4 authors, 6500-9000 words


The book is scheduled to be published in 2018. The following timetable/deadline dates are given for your information:

· Submission of full chapters: March 15, 2018

· First feedback from reviewers: April 30, 2018

· Submission of the revised chapters: May 31, 2018

· Expected delivery date to the publisher: June 2018

Contact information

Veland Ramadani, v.ramadani

Léo-Paul Dana, lp.dana

Vanessa Ratten, v.ratten

Abdylmenaf Bexheti, a.bexheti


• Dana, L. (1999) ‘Bulgaria at the crossroads of entrepreneurship’, Journal of Euromarketing, 8(4): 27-50.

• Dana, L-P. (Ed) (2007) Handbook of Research on Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.

• Dana, L-P., and Morris, M. (2007) ‘Towards a synthesis: a model of immigrant and ethnic entrepreneurship’, in Dana, L-P. (Ed): Handbook of Research on Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship, pp.803–811, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.

• Dana, L-P., and Morris, M. (2011) ‘Ethnic minority entrepreneurship’, in Dana, L-P. (Ed): World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship, pp.149–157, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.

• DeHart, M. (2010) Ethnic Entrepreneurs: Identity and Development Politics in Latin America, Stanford University Press, Stanford.

• Levent, B.T., Masurel, E. and Nijkamp, P. (2003) Diversity in Entrepreneurship: Ethnic and Female Roles in Urban Economic Life, Free University Amsterdam, Amsterdam.

• Light, I., and Johnston, F.M. (2009) The Metropolitan Dispersion of Mexican Immigrants in the United States, 1980 to 2000, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35(1):3-18

• Ramadani, V., Hisrich, R.D. and Gerguri-Rashiti, S. (2015) ‘Female entrepreneurs in transition economies: Insights from Albania, Macedonia and Kosovo’, World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 11(4): 391-413.

• Ramadani, V., Rexhepi, G., Gërguri-Rashiti, S., Ibraimi, S. and Dana, L-P. (2014) ‘Ethnic entrepreneurship in Macedonia: the case of Albanian entrepreneurs’, Int. J. Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 23 (3):313–335.

• Ratten, V. (2014) "Encouraging collaborative entrepreneurship in developing countries: the current challenges and a research agenda." Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies 6 (3): 298-308.

• Rezaei, S., Gail, M. and Dana, L. (2013) ‘Informal opportunity among SMEs: An empirical study of Denmark’s underground economy’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 19(1): 64-76.

• Waldinger, R., Aldrich, H. and Ward, R., (Eds.) (2006) Ethnic Entrepreneurs: Immigrant Business in Industrial Societies, Sage Publication, London.

• Yinger, M.J. (1985) ‘Ethnicity’, Annual Review of Sociology, 11:151–80.

About the editors:

Veland Ramadani is an Associate Professor at South-East European University, the Republic of Macedonia where he teaches both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in entrepreneurship and small business management. His research interests include entrepreneurship, small business management, family businesses and venture capital investments. He authored or co-authored around eighty research articles and fifteen books, including Entrepreneurship and Management in an Islamic Context (Springer); Female Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies: Trends and Challenges (Palgrave MacMillan); Family Businesses in Transition Economies: Management, Succession and Internationalization (Springer); Entrepreneurship in the Balkans: Diversity, Support and Prospects (Springer); Direct Marketing and Small Business; Business Angels (in Albanian language); Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management (in Albanian language) and Venture Capital and Small Business (in Macedonian language). Besides serving as an Associate Editor of International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business (IJESB) and International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation (IJTTC), Dr. Ramadani serves on the editorial and review boards of several journals from the field of entrepreneurship and management. Dr. Ramadani received the Award for Excellence 2016 – Outstanding Paper by Emerald Group Publishing (Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy).

E-mail: v.ramadani

Léo-Paul Dana earned BA and MBA degrees at McGill University and a PhD from HEC-Montreal. He is (full) Professor at Montpellier Business School (member of Montpellier Research in Management) and member of the Entrepreneurship & Innovation chair, part of LabEx Entrepreneurship (University of Montpellier, France); classified as a "laboratory of excellence" LabEx Entrepreneurship is funded by the French government in recognition of high-level research initiatives in the human and natural sciences (Labex Entreprendre, ANR-10-Labex-11-01). He also holds the honorary title of Adjunct Professor at the University of Regina, in Canada. He formerly served as Visiting Professor of Entrepreneurship at INSEAD and Deputy Director of the International Business MBA Programme at Nanyang Business School. He has published extensively in a variety of leading journals including the British Food Journal, Cornell Quarterly, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of World Business, and Small Business Economics. He is Editor Emeritus of the Journal of International Entrepreneurship. His current research interests focus on ethnicity and entrepreneurship by migrants. Among his books is the Handbook of Research on Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurship.

E-mail: lp.dana

Vanessa Ratten is an Associate Professor (Entrepreneurship and Innovation) at La Trobe Business School, La Trobe University. She is the Discipline Coordinator of Entrepreneurship and Innovation at La Trobe Business School. She teaches both undergraduate, postgraduate and executive education courses on entrepreneurship, innovation, sport innovation, management and marketing for sustainable value creation and entrepreneurial business planning. Her main research areas include entrepreneurship (especially sport entrepreneurship, developing country entrepreneurship and international entrepreneurship) and innovation (focusing on technological innovation, cloud computing, mobile commerce). Among her latest books are Knowledge Spillover-based Strategic Entrepreneurship (Routledge), Sport Entrepreneurship and Innovation (Routledge) and Entrepreneurship and Management in an Islamic Context (Springer).

E-mail: v.ratten

Abdylmenaf Bexheti is an Academician and Full Professor of Public Finance and Macroeconomics at Faculty of Business and Economics, South East European University, FYR of Macedonia. Has published three books (alone) and many co-authored books, more than 30 research papers, 50 projects and more than 200 analysis and columns in different newspapers. During the period 1996-1998, Dr. Bexheti has been, firstly a Minister for Development and then a Minister of Transport and Communication in The Government of Republic of Macedonia. He is also a member of Macedonian Academy of Science and Arts. He is a member of the editorial and reviewer boards of several international journals.